Republic of Mauritius and Conservation of Terrestrial Biological Diversity

Republic of Mauritius expressed its firm commitment to protect local and global biological biodiversity by ratifying the Convention of Biological Diversity in 1992. The latter is an international treaty for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity and the equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources. Two years after, the National Park and Conservation Services was established under Section 8 of the Wildlife and National Parks Act of 1993 to ensure the sustainable management and restoration of native fauna and flora so as to retain its genetic diversity for the future generations through in-situ and ex-situ conservation strategies, ecosystem restoration, public awareness, promotion of ecotourism and implementation of international biodiversity agreements.”

Protected Area Network (PAN) Project

The Protected Area Network (PAN) project is financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and implemented by the National Parks and Conservation Service (NPCS). The initiative consists of creating a reconfigured a network of private and state protected areas that is designed to safeguard a representative sample of Mauritius’s terrestrial biodiversity under an effective and adaptive management regime. This effort is being made possible through funds from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF).

PES – Protected Endemic Sanctuaries

PES are both the remaining zones of native biodiversity and restored forests that provide a home for native plants and animals.

Why is PES Important?

The main aim of PES is to expand the habitat for the native plants and animals by trying to connect the fragmented remaining spaces where these specimens can exist. This will give the opportunity to revitalise the populations of the native species.

Besides, PES play other key roles such as performing ecological services, assisting in the conservation of cultural heritages and amenity services.

Ecological Services

PES provide various services’ that sustain human life on earth. These services are physical, chemical and biological processes such as nutrient recycling, water purification and carbon capture.

Cultural Heritage

PES assists in the conservation of cultural heritage which can be defined as physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of the future generations.

Amenity Services

PES provide the opportunity to experience nature in different ways from an aesthetic, spiritual, health, recreational or educational perspective.